RUINS OF THE WORLD’S FIRST UNIVERSITY
Ruins of the World’s First University
According to the ancient records, the name of Harran has survived invariably for 4000 years. Harran’s name comes from “Harran-u” in Sumerian languge and Akkade which means “travel - camel train”. Besides it means “intersecting roads” according to another view.
The representatives of ancient culture, Sabians, Christians and Muslims lived in Harran in a great harmony. World-renowed scholars studied in Harran. Emevi’s emperor Mervan II declared Harran the capital of his state. The Asian part of Emevi came to an end after the defeat against Abbasids in 750. World renowed pre islamic “Harran University” was developed by Abbasid Chalipf Harun al-Rashid. When the philosophy school in Alexandria was closed in Hellenistic Period, the scholars of this school went to the schools in Harran and Antakya during the rule of Omar in the first period of 7. Century. Harran School, known before the islamic period, maintained its reputation in islamic period as well. There were groups of scholars consisting of Sabians, Christians and Muslims at the Islamic University in Harran and they made research. Most of the Sabian scholars at Harran University became Muslim. At the end of VII century and the first period of VIII century, translation became more important. The works of the Greek scholars of the first age were translated to Arabic. Harran became the center of translation of Greek, Syriac ad Arabic.
When Emevi Caliph Merva II declared Harran as the Capital (744-750), the scientific studies gained momentum. The scientific studies in Harran were religion, astronomy, medicine, maths and philosophy. It was invaded by Mongolians in 1260. Monoglians destroyed mosque, rampart, castle of Harran in 1271, when they realised that they couldn’t capture. Harran never lived prosperus period again even in Ottoman Period.